Microsoft Identity Manager

Posted : admin On 1/29/2022

Microsoft Identity Manager. Formerly Forefront Identity Manager, Microsoft Identity Manager is a.

  • Microsoft Identity Manager 2016 (MIM2016) Forefront Identity Manager 2010 R2 (FIM2010R2) Microsoft.NET 4.0 Framework; Install Instructions.
  • Microsoft Download Center. A supported update is available from the Microsoft Download Center. We recommend that all customers apply this update to their production systems. Download the update for Microsoft Identity Manager 2016 SP2 (KB4512924) now. To apply this update, you must have the following installed.

MIM

Microsoft Identity Manager (FIM) is a Microsoft product which among other things can be used to synchronize directories. The existing NETID MIM component synchronizes the dataset in the Person Directory Service (PDS) commonly known as “whitepages data” to the NETID domain. There are limitations on this synchronization process which are tied to the quality of data, the details involved in normalizing some of the data, the differences in architecture between Active Directory and other UW directory architecture, and the sheer quantity of data involved.

UW Directory and MIM Background

From a high level, PDS contains uwPerson and uwEntity objects. uwPerson objects represent personal UW NetIDs. uwEntity objects represent other types of UW NetIDs. PDS has all UW NetIDs regardless of whether they have an active Kerberos status or not. The NETID domain contains user objects that represent all the UW NetIDs with an active Kerberos status.

Microsoft Identity Manager Hardware Requirements

MIM connects or joins PDS objects to NETID users via UW NetID. Obviously, UW NetID renames happen and so occasionally a particular NETID user will become disconnected for a short period, not picking up directory data changes during that period. However, this is rare. Infrequently, two or more PDS objects will be merged (because they represent the same person), and if those objects correspond to multiple NETID users, then sometimes it can take a short period before directory changes catch up with the merge.

Once a PDS object and a NETID object are joined, then MIM can perform any synchronization actions it is configured for. By design, MIM is authoritative for the attributes it is configured to synchronize. In other words, if a NETID object has been joined, then certain attribute values will persistently be reset by MIM, and no amount of modification to the NETID object, short of intervention at the MIM configuration, can keep those attribute values from resynchronizing to the value MIM intends them to be set to.

Most of the whitepages data is subject to publishing flags that govern whether the data can be made generally available. Some NETID objects may correctly join with PDS objects that have whitepages data, but not be able to use that data because the person has chosen to not publish their data.

In the diagram above, PDS starts the process by sending incremental updates to MIM for processing [1]. MIM processes these, and pulls NETID domain info in for processing as well [2]. MIM looks to find which PDS objects can be joined to NETID objects [3]. Finally, MIM writes personal information to NETID for joined objects, as specified by the MIM configuration [4].

What NETID Attributes are Involved

The following NETID user attributes are updated for objects that have been joined:

  • givenName
  • initials
  • sn
  • displayName
  • mail
  • extensionAttribute1
  • uwTest
  • eduPersonAffiliation
  • telephoneNumber
  • fascimileTelephoneNumber
  • department
  • title
  • streetAddress
  • physicalDeliveryOfficeName

The full details on how MIM maps data from PDS to NETID are here.

MIM Operational Details

MIM receives PDS changes every 15 minutes. MIM is triggered to process these incremental change logs every 15 minutes, unless a prior process is still running. For changes that MIM has received, it generally takes about an hour for that change to make it to Active Directory. The source systems which feed PDS have additional latency on top of this; most of the source systems only update PDS once a day, but in some cases–over weekends or holidays–it can be longer. New entries to PDS happen at all times of day, not in a single daily event.

The whitepage data updates that MIM provides to the NETID domain are not considered a mission-critical capability, so the expected service level for changes is the time it would take us to bring up a fresh working copy of this, i.e. 4 days. In reality, we rarely exceed latency of more than a couple hours. When we do, it is because we have to replace the existing MIM server and this operation takes several days. There is a hot-spare MIM server with the existing configuration, but due to the way MIM works, it could still take several days for it to “catch up” and provide fresh updates.

We plan to replace this capability with an event-message based architecture that integrates with the UW NetID Preferred Name data source. This will address the latency and design flaws of the existing system, and provide a better source of name data.

Data Mapping

Details about how the data in the Identity Service is mapped to Active Directory are documented.

Microsoft Identity Manager Tutorial

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Microsoft Identity Manager Pam


Microsoft Identity Manager Download

Forefront Identity Manager (FIM) is an identity management software that manages the user’s profiles on premises of the organization. It is also known as Microsoft Identity Manager (MIM) or Microsoft Forefront Identity Manager (MFIM). We discussed about Azure Active Directory in this tutorial earlier. FIM is an on-premise version of Azure Active Directory. This software was in existence long before Windows Azure services were launched. As the cloud services evolved, there was a need of user’s profile management in Azure as well. Thus, Microsoft improved the software with the ability to link it with the Azure Active Directory.

Imagine a situation in which a company has their partial data or extended infrastructure on the cloud. This brings up the need of providing access to end user’s on both the locations (on-premise and cloud). FIM lets the users access the data on cloud securely. It also handles the synchronization. It is a very easy interface to create users, set password, and authorize users to reset their own passwords.

Microsoft Identity Manager

Experts find FIM less complex and easy to operate as compared to other identity management software. Also it is easy to use synchronies and use in the environment where Microsoft products are being used.

FIM can be connected to Azure Active Directory using the tool Forefront Identity Manager Connector for Windows Azure Active Directory. This tool helps to synchronize the data on-premise in FIM to the Azure Active Directory.

Once you have downloaded and installed the tool, you have to simply follow the wizard, in order to connect your FIM information with on-cloud Azure Active Directory.