Nspredicate Cheat Sheet

Posted : admin On 1/29/2022

Format string summary

@'attributeName %@'

Alternatively, view UI Testing Cheat Sheet alternatives based on common mentions on social networks and blogs. 9.8 6.5 L5 UI Testing Cheat Sheet VS Quick Quick is a behavior-driven development framework for Swift and Objective-C.

  1. @ApoorvMote, as of Xcode 9.4, Swift 4, yes: if you use a regular Bool value in the predicate, items with nil attribute values will be found. For example, set an attribute's value to nil (we'll say you called it boolAttribute as shown in this answer). Then, create your predicate: let predicate = NSPredicate(format: 'boolAttribute %@', boolValue).Note: boolValue should equal true or false.
  2. Enjoy this cheat sheet at its fullest within Dash, the macOS documentation browser. Basic Functionality Testing if an element exists. Let firstPredicate = NSPredicate (format: 'label BEGINSWITH 'First Picker') let firstPicker = app.

@'%K %@'

@'%name IN $NAME_LIST'

@'name' IN $NAME_LIST'

[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'title %@', @'minecraft']

Nspredicate Cheat Sheet

Keypath collection queries






[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@'[email protected] < 200']

Object, array, and set operators



NSArray *payees = [transactions valueForKeyPath:@'@distinctUnionOfObjects.payee']



These must be run on an array of arrays. For example if you had:


NSArray *arrayOfTransactions = [[Array of transactions], [Array of transactions]]

NSArray *payees = [arrayOfTransactions valueForKeyPath:@'@distinctUnionOfObjects.payee']


Array operations





Let’s say we have a person with many dogs. index should be replaced with a number which will return the dog that you want to check against. Here we’re checking if the first dog’s age is 5.

[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@'dogs[0].age = 5']

Here we’re checking if a person has 3 dogs

Nspredicate Cheat Sheet

[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@'dogs[SIZE] = 3']

Basic comparisons









[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'expenses BETWEEN {200, 400}']

Basic compound predicates




[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'age 40 AND price > 67']

String comparison operators






[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'name BEGINSWITH 'm']

Aggregate operators




[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'ALL expenses > 1000']


Iterates through the collection to return qualifying queries

Collection - array or set of objects

variableName - variable that represents an iterated object

predicateFormat - predicate that runs using the variableName

[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'SUBQUERY(tasks, $task,$task.completionDate != nil AND $task.user = 'Alex')[email protected] > 0']

Assume this was run on an array of projects. It will return projects with tasks that were not completed by user Alex

Common mistakes

Using [NSString stringWithFormat:] to build predicates is prone to have non-escaped diacritics or artifacts like an apostrophe. Use [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:] instead.

Using OROROR instead of IN, results in repeatable code and can be less efficient

When using REGEX and Matches, make sure they are the last part of your predicate statement so it does less work. This way objects will be filtered before doing more heavy look ups.

Using SELF

When using a predicate on an array, SELF refers to each object in the array. Here’s an example: Imagine you are a landlord figuring out which apartments have to pay their water bill. If you have a list of all the city wide apartments that still need to pay called addressesThatOweWaterBill, we can check that against our owned apartments, myApartmentAddresses.

NSPredicate *billingPredicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @'SELF IN %@', addressesThatOweWaterBill]

NSArray *myApartmentsThatOweWaterBill = [myApartmentAddresses filteredArrayUsingPredicate:billingPredicate]

LIKE wildcard match with * and ?

* matches 0 or more characters. For example: Let’s say we have an array of names we want to filter

Nspredicate Cheat Sheet Template

@[@'Sarah', @'Silva', @'silva', @'Silvy', @'Silvia', @'Si*']

predicateWithFormat: @'SELF %@', @'Sarah'

Will return “Sarah”

predicateWithFormat: @'SELF LIKE[c] %@', 'Si*'

Will return “Silva”, “silva”, “Silvy”, “Silvia”, “Si*”
? matches 1 character only

predicateWithFormat: @'SELF LIKE[c] %@', 'Silv?'

Will return “Silva”, “silva”, “Silvy”

Quick tips

CFStringTransform normalizes strings if diacritic insensitive isn’t enough. For example you could turn Japanese characters into a Latin alphabetic representation. It’s extremely powerful with a lot of methods that you can see here:http://nshipster.com/cfstringtransform/

Make sure your columns are indexed to improve performance of using IN operators

[c] case insensitive: lowercase & uppercase values are treated the same

[d] diacritic insensitive: special characters treated as the base character

predicateWithFormat: @'name CONTAINS[c] 'f'

Keypath collection queries

Keypath collection queries work best when you work with a lot of numbers. Being able to call the min or max, adding things up, and then filtering results are simpler when you only have to append an extra parameter. By having an array of expenses, you can do a quick check on if something is below or above a range of allowed expenses.

[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@'[email protected] < 200']

How subqueries work

A subquery takes a collection then iterates through each object (as variableName) checking the predicate against that object. It works well if you have a collection (A) objects, and each object has a collection (B) other objects. If you’re trying to filter A based on 2 or more varying attributes of B.

predicateWithFormat: @'SUBQUERY(tasks, $task, $task.completionDate != nil AND $task.user = 'Alex')[email protected] > 0'

Nspredicate Cheat Sheet Printable

SUBQUERY(…) returns an array. We need to check if its count > 0 to return the true or false value predicate expects.

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